Lyme disease may be the fastest growing disease within the Usa (USA). It’s as common now as Aids/AIDs and cancer. Based on US Centers for Disease Prevention and control data, confirmed installments of the disease has bending from 1993 to 2011. This Year, it had been the seventh most typical Across the country Notifiable Disease in USA.
Lyme disease is because bacteria spirochaete Borrelia burgdorfer and three strains from the bacteria B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, afzelii and garinii. Transmission of the disease occurs through infected ticks (blacklegged tick) and nymphs from the genus Ixodes. The world distribution of blacklegged tick may be the forested section of Asia, western, central and eastern Europe, and northeast and Midwest regions of america. Borrelia burgdorfer resides within the stomach of those ticks and spreads the disease, on biting your skin of creatures and humans.
The signs and symptoms from the disease at initial phase is fever, headache, fatigue and typical skin rash in 70-80% of cases. The rash includes a obvious area with red ring surrounding it. This rash is known as Erythema Migrans (EM). Control over Lyme disease is simple at initial phase with antibiotics but when not treated for lengthy, it may affect multiple body like musculoskeletal system, nervous and heart, which makes it hard to cure.
Research conducted recently transported on Lyme disease is altering the way you appreciate this disease.The rise in quantity of this disease, claim that multiplication from the disease can’t be only due to ticks. Because the disease isn’t prevalent everywhere the blacklegged tick lives. In Southern USA, the tick has different feeding habits, that makes it hard for vector to spread it to humans. Resemblances of Lyme spirochete towards the agent of syphilis, a sexually transmitted disease, indicate the disease could be sexually transmitted.
Several scientists in U . s . Condition of the usa (USA) developed a study to reply to “Is Lyme disease sexually transmitted? The research ended in three categories of subjects. The very first group had random subjects with Lyme disease, the 2nd group had heterosexual married people using the disease and also the control group had subjects with no disease. Within the study semen sample and vaginal secretion were tested for Lyme spirochete. The research revealed the next results:
1) The control subjects genital secretions were tested negative for that bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi
2) All infected women vaginal secretion sample and 1 / 2 of the boys semen samples were positive for Borrelia burgdorferi and
3) The married people had identical strains from the bacteria.
Based on Australian skin doctor Peter Mayne, who had been area of the study, the existence of the Lyme spirochete in genital secretions and identical strains in married people strongly shows that the disease was sexually transmitted.